NANDI RESISTANCE (1895 – 1905)
Refer to the resistance that was waged by the Nandi people in Kenya against the I.B.E.A.CO ( The British Colonial rule).
The Nandi resisted the British intrusion under their leader Koitalel Arap Samoei. The title of the Nandi leader was called “ Orkoiyot” Traditionally, the Nandi were pastoralists.
During the 19th c the Nandi became superior as they managed to win different battles with their neighboring societies such as the Maasai.
The Nandi grew more powerful as the Maasai power declined.
Therefore, during the advent of British Colonial rule, the Nandi resisted strongly against the British penetration.
They did not allow Europeans even to cross their territory. In 1895, they killed a British trader named West as he attempted to pass through their land.
This awakened the British to start fighting the Nandi.
REASONS FOR NANDI RESISTANCE
The Construction of railway
The I.B.E.A.CO started to construct the railway line which was to pass through the Nandi’s land. T
his railway line made the Nandi to start resisting because the railway interfered their daily activities and culture.
The construction of the railway had impact on the Nandi people. The Nandi were removed from their land as the British wanted to create vacant land for whites settlement.
This made the Nandi not to continue with pastoral activities hence resistance against the British.
The Nandi resistance
The Nandi believed that they were superior as they had experienced different wars with their neighbors and won them.
They believed that their culture was superior and they did not want their culture to be interfered by anybody. This made them to resist the British.
Kimnyole was an Ex – Orkoiyot. During his reign, he had prophesized that Nandi land would one day be ruled by the foreigners.
Also he added that one day there would come a long and big snake from Indian Ocean belching smoke and fire.
The snake turned to be the railway, and when the Nandi saw the construction of the railway they started to resist against the British.
The need to protect their political freedom
Koitale Arap Samoei organized the Nandi to resist against the British in order to restore and protect their political freedom. This is due to the fact that, the Nandi did not want to under British Colonial rule.
Although the Nandi resisted heavily the British colonial rule for about 10 years , but they were at last defeated.
It was in 1905 that the Nandi were defeated by the British.
The British managed to defeat them after killing their leader Koitalel Arap Samoei (Orkoiyot).
The British Commander, Colonel Meinertzhagen visited the Nandi leaders as Orkoiyot came out to greet his visitors he was shot dead together with other leaders, From that moment, the Nandi were removed to the reserves
EFFECTS OF NANDI RESISTANCE
Massive loss of life
The Council of Elders, the Orkoiyot and the army warriors were both killed
Destruction of the Nandi properties
The Nandi villages and farms were set on fire by the British. The British also confiscated a lot of cattle which belonged to the Nandi.
The Nandi became squatters
The Nandi became squatters on the white farms. They were employed as cheap laborers
Africans were pushed into reserves and others were left
Those who were pushed into the reserves, were turned into squatters and employed as cheap laborers.
Completion of the railway line
The defeat of the Nandi made the British to continue with the construction of the railway line which in turn facilitated transportation in Kenya and Uganda respectively.
The defeat of the Nandi made the British to colonize the Nandi country. The Nandi lost their sovereignty.